Thyroid Disorder Treatment Options

Serving Provo, Utah County, and Salt Lake County

At the Thyroid Institute of Utah, we offer a full range of treatment options for any kind of thyroid or parathyroid dysfunction. We are a comprehensive thyroid disease management clinic fully equipped with a lab, ultrasound, endocrinologists, and experienced thyroid surgeons.

Our office combines all aspects of thyroid care, including:

  • Biopsy
  • Surgery
  • Hormone Level Evaluation
  • Ultrasounds

Combined, our doctors have performed more than 5,000 surgeries and 3,000 biopsies. At the Thyroid Institute of Utah, we deliver cutting edge care, all coordinated among different specialty physicians in one, convenient location. Call us today to schedule an appointment.

Hormone Medication Treatments

The main goal of thyroid hormone treatment is to closely replicate your normal thyroid function. Thyroid hormones are necessary for the proper functioning of most cells in the body. Our dedicated doctors closely monitor your thyroid function to ensure you have the correct dose for your body.

Patients commonly ask about Armour Thyroid, which is derived from pigs’ thyroid glands. Armour causes significant fluctuations in T3 and T4 levels. The dosage variation in different batches of Armour is well known. The aspect of animal proteins present in Armour that are not naturally found in the human body is also a problem. The majority of trials have not shown an advantage of Armour over synthetic thyroid hormone. It is also worth considering that pigs have a shorter life span and their metabolic requirements are quite different than human beings; hence, pigs’ thyroid hormone is also very different. Because Armour has drawbacks, including not being FDA-approved, and our doctors’ combined experience has never seen a consistent benefit of Armour over synthetic thyroid hormone, we do not prescribe Armour at the Thyroid Institute.

The American Thyroid Association made the following statement regarding Armour Thyroid:

"Desiccated (dried and powdered) animal thyroid (Armour), now mainly obtained from pigs, was the most common form of thyroid therapy before the individual active thyroid hormones were discovered. While desiccated thyroid contains both T4 and T3, the balance of T4 and T3 in animals is not the same as in humans, so the hormones in animal thyroid pills aren’t necessarily “natural” for the human body. Further, the amounts of both T4 and T3 can vary in every batch of desiccated thyroid, making it harder to keep blood levels right. Finally, even desiccated thyroid pills have chemicals (binders) in them to hold the pill together, so they are not completely “natural”. Desiccated animal thyroid is rarely prescribed today, and there is no evidence that desiccated thyroid has any advantage over synthetic T4."

Surgery as a Treatment Option

Surgery is a common treatment option for anyone with cancerous thyroid growth. Our surgeons discuss the type of surgery with you, how much of your thyroid gland should be removed, and what you can expect after surgery. At the Thyroid Institute of Utah, we use the latest technology that allows us to perform minimally invasive surgical procedures.

Non-Surgical Treatment of Thyroid Cysts

Cysts in the thyroid are basically fluid filled cavities which if large enough cause feelings of pressure in the neck and sometimes an unsightly bulge. Simply draining the fluid out of thyroid cysts with a needle is not a permanent solution, as thyroid cysts usually re-appear. Ultrasound-guided injection of ethanol (alcohol) is safe and effective for the treatment of thyroid cystic nodules.

In the following before-and-after example, a patient elected ethanol injections and later demonstrated dramatic results. Following his enthanol treatment to reduce the fluid in his thyroid, the mass in his neck shrunk significantly. The visible bump it produced disappeared and the patient could also swallow without any unpleasant pressure sensation.

BEFORE

AFTER

Radioactive Iodine Treatment

Radioactive iodine is used to destroy overactive thyroid cancer cells. Once inside your thyroid gland, the radioactive iodine destroys the unwanted thyroid cells.

With years of experience and a team of highly qualified doctors, we can provide you with service and care that is informative and comprehensive. For more information about our treatments and the services offered at our offices in Provo, Lehi and Draper. Call us today.